Common Name:Monkeythorn
Scientific Name:Senegalia galpinii (syn. Acacia galpinii)
Distribution:Southern Africa
Tree Size:65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 3 ft (1 m) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight:50 lbs/ft3 (800 kg/m3)
Janka Hardness:2,040 lbf (9,070 N)
General Description
The Wood is hard, coarse grained and relatively dense with a pale brown sapwood and a darker heartwood. Formerly known as Acacia galpinii, this large, semi-deciduous tree has a spreading roundish crown. The bark is corky, rough and yellowish-brown. It has dark brown recurved thorns. The leaves are fine with a large gland just below the first leaflets. The flowers are long spikes which are reddish just before opening and cream when open. The pod is straight, purplish brown and brittle when mature.
This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Market Value and usage
This thorny tree is supposedly named for the tendency of monkeys to seek refuge in the tree (whose seeds and pods also provide the animals with food). It’s among the largest Acacia species naturally found in South Africa. Very useful in furnitures. Quality furniture has been made from it, as well as poles for fences, wagon parts, implements and implement handles, railway sleepers and flooring panels.
It is very tough and durable, takes a good finish. However, it is difficult to work.
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