Makore
Common Name:Makore
Scientific Name:Tieghemella heckelii, T. africana
Distribution:Western and Middle Africa (from Sierra Leone to Gabon)
Tree Size:180-200 ft (55-60 m) tall, 4-6 ft (1.2-1.8 m) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight:43 lbs/ft3 (685 kg/m3)
Janka Hardness:1,200 lbf (5,350 N)
General Description
Makore is a fairly hard wood, being at least as hard as White Oak on the Janka scale of hardness. The wood is fairly dense as well. The heartwood of Makore is often a pink to reddish brown color and sometimes there will be streaks of varying color present that add contrast and interest to the wood. The sapwood, on the other hand, is usually yellowish and can be two to three inches wide, clearly demarcated, surrounding the more desirable heartwood. The color contrast between the two can provide for interesting effects when at least some of the sapwood is retained with the heartwood, especially in turned items.
Sustainability
While Makore is not listed with the Convention in International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices, both species that produce Makore lumber, T. heckelii and T. Africana, are listed on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List as being endangered. This listing is due to a population reduction of over 50% in the last three generations due to both losses of original habitat range and excessive exploitation.
Market Value and usage
Makore is rather widely available in both veneer and lumber formats. It is also sometimes possible to find it in turning stock sizes, especially pen and knife blanks, but bowl blank sizes may also be obtained on occasion from specialty vendors. Makore finds many of the same uses as much of the exotic hardwoods, especially those with highly figured appearance.
Durability
Heartwood is very durable, and is also resistant to insect attack.
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